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Cuts and Grazes: A Common Injury


A small cut may be deeper than a graze but it is usually the least problematic thing to heal. Initial bleeding will flush out impurities and then stop on its own accord. Fixed with a plaster, the smooth edges of the wound will generally grow together neatly (primary wound healing). A graze, on the other hand, may only affect the uppermost layer of skin (the epidermis) but its treatment is often complicated by foreign objects and dirt as well as heavy weeping. 

Treatment Guide

Cuts and Grazes
A small cut or graze will generally heal easily with little complication. Initially a cut or graze will bleed, but this will subside and usually stop of its own accord. A graze may be contaminated with dirt or foreign objects (such as gravel) that will require removal prior to healing. If foreign objects are left in the cut or graze, healing will take longer.

 

Treatment

  1. Wash and dry your hands prior to commencing any treatment
  2. Rinse the wound carefully with water, try not to rub the affected area
  3. Pat area dry with a clean towel
  4. Carefully remove any small pieces of debris (grit or splinters etc)
  5. Cover the affected area with an absorbent dressing (eg. plaster)

Caution: Large foreign objects (such as glass, wood etc) seek advice from a healthcare professional – do not attempt to remove yourself, ensure you are up to date with your tetanus inoculations

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Seek advice from a medical professional

A case for a medical professional: puncture wounds – especially involving foreign objects, animal scratches and bites, large burns and heavily bleeding wounds.